Patients with Multiple Myeloma are monitored for disease progression and for response to treatment by the treating hematologist or oncologist. Laboratory tests are usually utilized for these purposes. The role of imaging is confined to follow-up the progression of visible bone lesions. We suggest that microscopic bone lesions impair bone structure well before they grow enough to be visible on a CT scan. This impairment of bone strength can probably be captured by application of CT-based finite element analysis to the CT scans that were performed for monitoring of progression of the disease.
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell cancer that almost all patients eventually relapse despite advancement in treatment strategies. B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is a cell surface receptor that expressed primarily by malignant and normal plasma cells. This study aims to evaluate the safety and tolerance CXCR4 modified BCMA CAR T cells in treating standard treatment failed refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma, and will follow dose-escalating cohorts. The efficacy of CXCR4 modified BCMA CAR T will also be investigated.
The purpose of this study is to study the safety and preliminary efficacy of a dendritic cell DKK1 vaccine against myeloma. Dendritic cells are immune cells that are collected from the blood of the patient at Case Western Reserve Medical Center and then brought into contact with DKK1, a molecule that is present of myeloma cells but not to a significant amount on other cells except for the prostate and the placenta. It is an investigational (experimental) vaccine that based on studies in the laboratory and in mice is expected to work by presentation of DKK1 to anticancer immune cells via dendritic cells leading to an immune attack on...
From December 6, 2019 to March 23, 2020, the research group of Qingkun Fan found a novel protein(temporarily named protein F) in heparin anticoagulant plasma of three patients with heart disease. One patient was diagnosed with multiple myeloma.However, protein F cannot be detected by serum protein electrophoresis. Preliminary studies have shown that this novel protein F have an obvious absorption peak at about 600nm. Placed at 2-8 degrees for 7 days, protein F will be isolated from heparin plasma. To the naked eye, protein F appear to be transparent jelly between the red blood cells and the plasma. The specific protein F, how it is...
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate at Day 1 Cycle 2, the detection sensitivity of the urinary monoclonal component on a spot urine sample, compared to the reference measurement on 24-hour urine, in patients with Multiple Myeloma.
Up to 30% of patients with newly diagnosed/suspected myeloma cannot undergo or do not tolerate whole body MRI (WB-MRI). A number of factors may be contributory. First, WB-MRI protocols can take in excess of 1 hour. Patients must remain still within a narrow bore scanner with multiple MRI coils that can be claustrophobic. Second, there is significant acoustic noise that can be heard despite the use of ear protection. Third, 80% of patients will experience bone pain or fracture at some point during their illness, affecting their comfort within the scanner. Fourth, patients also have higher anxiety. One review reported up to 30% of...
This trial aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PD1-BCMA-CART in treating patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
Patients with monoclonal gammopathies either benign or malignant may develop inflammatory symptoms such as Schnitzler syndrome. We proposed to name those cases as monoclonal gammopathy of inflammatory significance, or MGIS. The aim of the study is to search for inflammatory pathway that may be activated in case MGIS and to search if the genetic of tumoral cell could explain those activations.
The objective of this exploratory study is to evaluate, for the first time, the sensitivity of 18F-Fludarabine to the initial diagnosis of MM compared to FDG-PET and MRI. The interest of this molecule will also be investigated as part of the end-of-treatment therapeutic evaluation.
The aim of this study is to assess the Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) efficacy in the prevention of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) complications and particularly Graft versus Host Disease (GvHD). The hypothesis of this study is that allogeneic FMT may improve outcomes of these patients.